Java Read Ebcdic File Line By Line

These basic input and output capabilities (I/O) are used in most real-world programs. How to Read file line by line in Java program Following program will help you to write a Java program using BufferReader and Scanner Class to read a file line by line. Lastly we have file #3 line 1 Lastly we have file #3 line 2 Lastly we have file #3 line 3 Lastly we have file #3 line 4 Lastly we have file #3 line 5 Here is some sample output from the program. Read Cobol data files in Java. Since it returns an integer value, it needs to be explicitly cast as char for reading the content of file. The commercial product opens the 1 Mio file instantly. Hope you remember the buffered readers and IO streams which we have been using long to do IO operations in Java. Parse CSV File using OpenCSV. Would you please help me to write a code to read the data in the following formats:. This article covers 3 ways to read a text file line by line : Java NIO libraries - FileChannel to read the files. A readAllLines method used to read all the file lines into a list of strings. I am trying to read lines from a text file in Java, but there is a lot going on. ), or writing data to some destination (another file, the screen, etc. How do I read a String from a File line-by-line? This Java tutorial. There are many ways to read a file in Java. Hope you remember the buffered readers and IO streams which we have been using long to do IO operations in Java. In java we can write file with FileWriter class with BufferedWriter class. CsvReader JavaDocs File Format. I would like to know how can I read each record from a file to find out count of delimiters. How to read files in Java 7, 8 and 9 with examples for BufferedReader, Scanner, InputStream, InputStreamReader, FileInputStream, BufferedInputStream, FileReader, new I/O classes, Guava and Apache Commons. Comparator implementations for java. I want to read a pdf file using php. Source : Java Program to Read a Text File Line by Line This tutorial explains how to read a text file line by line in java. FileOutputStream Java read a file line by line. Being spoiled by IDEs and automated building tools I recently realized that I don't know how to run java code from a command line anymore. Solution 1:. You can add each of these token arrays to a new array giving you your desired 2D array I hope this helps. txt") from class path or some absolute location. For example, we might have a CSV file like below. It is certainly possible to open, create and modify PDF's using PHP's built in PDF functions. How can I use Windows PowerShell to read only the first line of a file? Introduced in Windows PowerShell 3. The canonical reference for building a production grade API with Spring. Complete example. this is required while dealing with many applications. 0 for SQL Server (x86) The command-line tools are General Availability (GA), however they're being released with the installer package for SQL Server 2019 (15. Program: remove blank. Because of the lazy evaluation, provided you construct only certain queries, this technique doesn't read the entire file into memory. This model has the capability of creating a test file for an ASCII or EBCDIC encoded environment. Java open and read file example. So to write String data to a file in EBCDIC you would do something like this:. MOVEit Automation can be used to convert text files from ASCII to EBCDIC or from EBCDIC to ASCII using the "CommandLineApp" built-in script and a command-line utility called "ebc2asc". In order to read the give file, first of all, you need to get the input stream object. The file is about 5 meg and is formated as below : Host:somehostname001 data data. txt -First 1. Here Shell Programming and Scripting. This program can be used to read any text file line by line and process the contents of the file within a Java Program. After playing a guessing game for an hour trying to compile a simple piece of code that took 5 minutes to write, I thought maybe it's time to do a little research. Since it returns an integer value, it needs to be explicitly cast as char for reading the content of file. Length Optional parameter, specifies number of bytes to read from file. Before going into using NIO channels to read and write files, let us do a quick recap of our standard file I/O operations. Summary: Learn how to read only the first line of a file by using Windows PowerShell. In an example its return list so you need to run a for loop to get the line by line text. Support for editing both Ascii~PC and Native Mainframe Ebcdic files on a PC. Copy a file with FileOutputStream and FileInputStream: 13. Do you know what it takes to render HTML elements on a web page without Angular, React, Svelte, and Vue? Let's explore a controlled scenario of creating a simple web page and bring to the foreground what it takes to render a page with pure HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. I would like to know how can I read each record from a file to find out count of delimiters. There are several ways to read contents of a file line by line in Java and third party libraries such as Guava, Apache Commons IO, etc. Loading Whole File Into Memory. You only read one line from the file. Reading Java command-line input in the good old days. For example, when you read an EBCDIC text file on an ASCII platform, it is recommended that you specify the ENCODING= option in the INFILE statement. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. 2 By default, the token delimiter used by scanner is the '\n' (line feed), but you can define any character you want. This simple java code will explain these concepts of line by line file reading using java. How to read files in Java 7, 8 and 9 with examples for BufferedReader, Scanner, InputStream, InputStreamReader, FileInputStream, BufferedInputStream, FileReader, new I/O classes, Guava and Apache Commons. Stack Exchange Network. I'm reading first file using readLine() method while the second file is being read using read() method. Similarly, the wildcard must match file names only. I am working on an system and need to read values on an sd card. line is terminated with line terminator e. We use FileUtils. lines method allows read a file line by line, offering a stream. Source : Java Program to Read a Text File Line by Line This tutorial explains how to read a text file line by line in java. In this post, we will see how to read the contents of a file line by line in Java. This might not be the same line terminator that was used in the input file. Look at the usage string. In fact, the files can be located on the same machine where the application or applet is running, but can also be located on another machine. Input & output in Ruby. newBufferedReader() Utils. First, let's look at the different classes that are capable of reading and writing character streams. In the following code example you will learn how to read file contents line by line using the Apache Commons FileUtils. readlines()) for reading the file or document line by line, it will separate each line and present the file in a readable format. Java Read File line by line using Files java. In this tutorial, we'll start by covering the basics of file input and output, as well as covering some associated topics, such as trapping exceptions and I/O errors. 1 day ago · We use cookies for various purposes including analytics. Generally speaking, you should be able to load EBCDIC data using the correct System. Characters in the file record are read one at a time into the record area until one of the following conditions occurs:. 1 Using Java API. Regardless of whether you are connecting two 'like' systems (ASCII to ASCII, or EBCDIC to EBCDIC), or even if your two Queue Managers are on the same physical machine -- the WebSphere MQ data conversion routines will be invoked. Each line is passed to the given 1 or 2 arg closure. In the first example, Shane is added just next to Hobert because there was no new line there. In Java Read Text File tutorial, I have explained how to read text file line by line in Java. Buffered File Read Write. They enable you to perform all sort of actions ranging from reading PDF, Excel or Word documents and working with databases or terminals, to sending HTTP requests and monitoring user events. txt -First 1. Anything about Java, WebLogic, OSB, Linux etc this is my logbook of a navigation in the IT Technology ocean. How to read CSV file in java using Buffered Reader. Later, I just only call that method to read other files. convert all text files (or rather, files with. When going through the file, how do we know which line to process? If we are looking for a particular line, often we look for the token(s) of interest on each line. As a quick note, while this is now basically legacy information, if you want to see how we read command line input in Java in the days before Java 5, see my article titled, Java code to read command-line input. See Why are text file line breaks wrong after the file is transferred or edited?. Mobile App Developer - Full-stack Developer Flexicoder Ltd September 2007 – Present 12 years 3 months. For small files: String line = Files. Unlike diff, it works well with large files (up to 4 GB). by using Files. Some example Java code to read the contents of text file into a string array, line-by-line. Once the file is in HDFS - the following syntax can be used to load the data into a Hive table:. How to read a text file word by word I need to write a program that rads the text of a text file and returns the amount of times a specific word shows up. Java will throw any errors up the line, and they will be caught in our main method. readLine() returns one line at each iteration, we have to iterate it till it returns null. Parse CSV File using OpenCSV. Java File IO Operations Sample Code Examples. Almost the whole Examples are easily implemented, so that every student or developers can understand, all examples are presented in Web with videos. The Scanner class presents the simplest way to read a file line by line in Java. Our objective is to read from a file line by line using FileInputStream. java package com. Indexed File Reader. 21,500 members and growing!. Scanner class has methods like nextInt(), nextFloat(), nextDouble() etc which read numeric data without any need of parsing using Integer. Copy a file with FileOutputStream and FileInputStream: 13. How to Read File in Java /** * This program reads a text file line by line and print to the console. 1 B) Write A Java Program To Read A File Line By Line And Store It Into A Variable. To understand this example, you should have the knowledge of following C programming topics:. Every method that deals with reading text files needs one of these. How to Upload Files to an FTP Server. Using Two Scanners. Tracking File Location and by What Name Graph Generates Tracking File. The file offset shall be incremented by the number of bytes actually read. Use wildcard characters '*' and '?' to open multiple files on the command line. Net //Read every line of the file reusing a StringBuilder object to save on. So to write String data to a file in EBCDIC you would do something like this:. It is lazily evaluated. This model has the capability of creating a test file for an ASCII or EBCDIC encoded environment. Read a File Line by Line Using Shell Script. Hi, We created DML using ebcdic-cobol-copybook and everything was running fine. Java programming exercises and solution: Write a java program to read a file line by line and store it into a variable. Java Program to Read a Text File Line by Line | SKPTRICKS. One of the easiest ways of reading a file line by line in Java could be implemented by using the Scanner class. How to get list of all files from a folder? Filter the files by file extensions and show the file names. In effect, all of the backslashes are simply doubled. I’m reading first file using readLine() method while the second file is being read using read() method. There are two ways to append: 1) Using FileWriter and BufferedWriter: In this approach we will be having the content in one of more Strings and we will be appending those Strings to the file. What you're optimizing is not the bit where you take the byte from disk and put it in memory, it's the bit w. Because if you want packed decimal, you MUST create the file as an EBCDIC file, not an ASCII file, since the conversion from ASCII to EBCDIC will completely corrupt your packed decimal values. We have too often been reduced to looking at the file with the command-line utility od or a hex editor to work out its encoding. Can’t use file as I am working with Google appa engine. If the current file type is ASCII, the returned InputStream will convert line separators in the file to the local representation. Scanner class has methods like nextInt(), nextFloat(), nextDouble() etc which read numeric data without any need of parsing using Integer. txt file line by line. In this article, I want to show 3 ways how to read string lines from the file in Java. Download the latest version of bcp Utility. Java offers extensive - yet easy to use - file handling classes that make it a breeze to read and write files. In this program, we need to count the words present in given text file. The commonest one corresponds to the "Cp037" encoding in Java. This question should not be marked as a duplicate. By using readLine() method of BufferedReader class we can read line by line text from a text file as Strings. Files class is a utility class that contains various useful methods. In this java program, we are going to learn how to read a file line by line and print the line on the output screen? Here, we are reading content of a file line by line and printing. The variable strText now becomes an exact replica of the text file. The default value is False. txt has following line : input 12 12. Hi nissan, nissan I need to write a C# process that takes in an EBCDIC file and reads it and updates the database with some info. Printing with full print preview, headers, footers, and margins. It uses * FileOutputStream to read the file. Problem and Solution Productive Java EE, MicroProfile, AI and Deep Learning--airhacks. lines() and Files. Note that when running the performance tests I didn't output anything to the console since that would really slow down the test. Java will throw any errors up the line, and they will be caught in our main method. It is being used with some example code to demonstrate reading a file line by line. Lastly we have file #3 line 1 Lastly we have file #3 line 2 Lastly we have file #3 line 3 Lastly we have file #3 line 4 Lastly we have file #3 line 5 Here is some sample output from the program. Using the Java BufferedRedaer class is the most common and simple way to read a file line by line in Java. Why Learn the Command Line? We use our mouse and fingers to click images of icons and access files, programs, and folders on our devices. provide Java Record based IO routines for Fixed Width (including Text, Mainframe, Cobol and Binary) and delimited Flat files via a Record Layout (Cobol, CSV or XML). A Java application is a computer program that executes when you use the java command to launch the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). Program to find the number of words in the given text file Explanation. The feature list of the library is plenty, you can add to the PDF Documents Chunks, phrases, paragraphs, anchors, lists, annotations, hypertext links, header footers, chapters, sections, graphics, tables, images, fonts. The PCRE library is a set of functions that implement regular expression pattern matching using the same syntax and semantics as Perl 5. Invoking readLine returns a line of text with the line CopyLines outputs each line using println, which appends the line terminator for the current operating system. Create a new commit containing the current contents of the index and the given log message describing the changes. Hi all I have spent half a day trying to create a shell script which reads a configuration file on a line by line basis. It will create testfile. It offers numerous methods for you to render PDF elements such as text, images, shapes, forms, watermarks, and annotations on to documents. lines separated by newline character at a time. We have sample file FlightDetail. It can process several source files when the datastore's resource name contains a wildcard. Pickup Selected Text File And Read Line By Line And Output Text Into Visual Text Pane Dec 12, 2014. Most modern operating systems use the linefeed character (LF) as a line separator. Java Examples - Read a file using Applet - How to read a file using Applet?. To learn to read File using BufferedInputStream Click Here. Since the sign takes one nybble, and because there are always an even number of nybbles in any number of bytes, an odd number of digits will fully-fill a comp-3 field. The package names in the table are clickable if you want more information. you can use a third party. platform-dependent line terminator string: \n on Unix, \r on the Mac, \r\n on Windows. This reads bytes from a text file, and each byte. By the way, i also mention the classic ways to read using BufferedReader And Scanner. 1 C) Write A Java Program To Store Text File Content Line By Line Into An Array. I wrote code that read the text file and output in to jave console/ also some of the. Net //Read every line of the file reusing a StringBuilder object to save on. Before going into using NIO channels to read and write files, let us do a quick recap of our standard file I/O operations. com/cmnuok12-8286 Please leave a comment with feedback. This reads bytes from a text file, and each byte. We will look into following classes for java read file program. As a quick note, while this is now basically legacy information, if you want to see how we read command line input in Java in the days before Java 5, see my article titled, Java code to read command-line input. How to read tab delimited file After reading the first line from the file, the array will look like: read or open any java file come after extends keyword in. If you have a reader that reads file to file you can always extract the words from it. The end of line characters are placed into the file as the text lines are written by the application (for example, an editor) based on the environment the application is running on (Windows versus z/OS UNIX). Unless each line has a fixed length, the popular method to achieve this in Java is to read the file line-by-line, from the beginning until the desired line is reached. To read a text file, we use FileReader and wrap it in a BufferedReader. Complete example. Java: Reading the Nth line from a file. This suite of programs and the associated documentation are used as one of the Installation Verification Programs for the SimoZaps Utility program. Third, close the text file using the fclose() function. To tag data as EBCDIC instead of ASCII. Example of read a file line by line using Scanner class. Java(TM) has many uses on z/OS(R) and OS/390(R) outside the confines of a Web server environment. How to read files in Java 7, 8 and 9 with examples for BufferedReader, Scanner, InputStream, InputStreamReader, FileInputStream, BufferedInputStream, FileReader, new I/O classes, Guava and Apache Commons. Later since we have used PrintWriter, newline characters e. Not all files need to be read line-by-line which is usually inefficient. LSL doesn't have a File System, but it does have Notecards that function as read-only text files, and can be use as configuration files or data sources. Java: InputStream line iterator. public class BufferedReader extends Reader The java. It throws java. Buffering characters provides efficiency of the reading process. Home Community Categories Java How can I read a large text file line by line. I have done the below: Read the GZ file line by line using Buffered reader and GZInputStream, however when I read line ny line I am not able to compare the input char with the record. Java IO vs Java NIO; Java IO – Pipes And Print Writer Next; Java NIO – Channels and Memory mapping; Java IO – RandomAccessFiles; Java IO – Read and Write Java Objects; Java IO – Read and write text files; Java IO – Read and Write Bytes; Java IO – URL reading, Tailing etc. 5) examples to read a file line by line, it is working still, just developers are moving toward Stream. By using readLine() method of BufferedReader class we can read line by line text from a text file as Strings. Suppose you have folder with files in it and there are sub-folders with files in those sub-folders and you want to read or list all the files in the folder recursively. One nice thing about JExcelApi is that it has no dependencies on any third party libraries. The code snippet below is an example of how to read a text file using BufferedReader class from the java. This reads bytes from a text file, and each byte. Now use one while loop, to read lines from the file. Java will throw any errors up the line, and they will be caught in our main method. In this program, we need to count the words present in given text file. This book is intended for use in a two-semester C++ programming sequence, or an accelerated one-semester course. line is terminated with line terminator e. Here is the Java class which is used to output the string array after the file location has been passed to it:. This method returns null when end of file is reached. This suite of programs and the associated documentation are used as one of the Installation Verification Programs for the SimoZaps Utility program. Reading files line by line using java IO and perform some operations of lines. You can go for BufferedReader to read line by line, Scanner to read using different delimiters, StreamTokenizer to read a file into tokens, DataInputStream to read binary data and primitive data types, SequenceInput Stream to link multiple files into one stream, FileChannel to read faster from large files, etc. If you want to read a file's content line by line only in certain requirement the LineNumberReader could be perfect choice for you. java Find file Copy path fmallet Fix indentation issues 63f30c5 Aug 22, 2012. It should take care of all the annoying Java IO nitty-gritty for me and I wanted to use it simply by throwing it into a for loop. org, a friendly and active Linux Community. txt” to perform write operation using object newfile. Step by Step explanation: 1. The value of this string is taken from the system property line. Reading a text file line by line in java can be done by using java. You must close the InputStream when you finish reading from it. Support for editing both Ascii~PC and Native Mainframe Ebcdic files on a PC. In this post, we will see how to read multi-line input from console using Scanner and BufferedReader class in Java. Text files can be extremely useful for storing various kinds of data. FileInputStream class obtains input bytes from a file in a file system. Almost the whole Examples are easily implemented, so that every student or developers can understand, all examples are presented in Web with videos. On a PDF forms document displayed on a viewer application, we can enter text in more than one line or in multiple paragraph by pressing the Enter key at the end of each line or paragraph. If we find the right value, we process the rest of the line. Files class is a utility class that contains various useful methods. For this the following two classes DataInputStream and BufferedReader are used. Parameters:. In PHP it is often useful to be able to read a CSV file and access it’s data. Would you please help me to write a code to read the data in the following formats:. The main changes are to enable the use of line-ending characters used on EBCDIC platforms, and the use of scripts and characters absent from Unicode 3. Read CSV File in Java using Scanner. Assume that you have a text area and you want to process its content line by line. There are multiple ways of writing and reading a text file. The following program is to read a file line by line and display the result. Read and copy with FileInputStream and FileOutputStream: 12. 010 Editor is available in light and dark themes. You need to loop as long as there are more lines. // file LobUtils. In this tutorial, we show you three examples to read, parse and print out the values from a CSV file. file interface? Tutorial on File and Directory Operations ; How to Read a File line by line using Java 8 Stream – Files. Depending on the implementation, this method may require to read file permissions, access control lists, or other file attributes in order to check the effective access to the file. txt" and output the file line by line on the console. All the Reader classes helps you to read character data. The important classes are: InputStreamReader-This class reads bytes from an underlying stream and converts it to characters using a Charset. Read Data from csv file line by line in java. hi I don't now how to write in file line by line. Steps to append text to a file In Java 6. Following are the important points about FileInputStream − This creates a FileInputStream by opening a connection to an actual file, the file named by the. A delimited file or variable length file cannot be read. In Java, we can use Readers such as FileReader for. tv Code Shrinking Techniques with Jakarta EE and MicroProfile--Devoxx. Reading and Writing Files. Since we read one line at a time with readline , we can easily handle big files without worrying about memory problems. This file can be used as input for illinkanalyzer tool. json, we have a JSON entry per line. It will read csv file line by line, in each line values will be splitted and putting into string array and the array will be iterated like one iteration for one line. We shall learn how to extract text line by line from PDF document (from all the pages) either by using writeText() method or getText() method of PDFTextStripper. The commonest one corresponds to the "Cp037" encoding in Java. You can load data from a CSV file in Java program by using BufferedReader class from java. Reading file using Files. This is a bad approach in terms of maintenance, but of course you're free to convert whatever you want to convert into whatever you need. IOException; import java. I’m reading first file using readLine() method while the second file is being read using read() method. All fine, but of data set is really big, then you will soon stumble on. Reading a File into a Byte Array: reads the entire contents of a file into a byte array: 8. It uses * FileOutputStream to read the file. EndOfStream = True 'Read in a block of data from the EBCDIC file. Show list of all file names from a folder. Hence, when we wish to perform any operation like counting words in the line or changing specific words in the line, we can now use Java streams to do the same operation. In this section, our plan is to lead you into the world of Java programming by taking you through the three basic steps required to get a simple program running. In this java program, we are going to learn how to read a file line by line and print the line on the output screen? Here, we are reading content of a file line by line and printing. FileReader; public class Main. This IKM optimizes the integration performance by generating a Java program to process the files. For example, when you read an EBCDIC text file on an ASCII platform, it is recommended that you specify the ENCODING= option in the INFILE statement. 1) and Scanner (JDK1. 2013 No Comments The readLine() method of java. Spaces in file path passed as command line argument c#; command line argument in java; Command line arguments python; Command line multiple commands in for loop; Running a program from python command line; Creating a GUI for an external command-line Interface; How to make a command line caller in C#? command line arguments; read file object. Similarly, the wildcard must match file names only. Reading and Writing CSVs in Core Java. Description: Below example shows how to read file content line by line. How to Upload Files to an FTP Server. csv", header =. Reading files line by line in C++ using ifstream: dealing correctly with badbit, failbit, eofbit, and perror() June 25, 2011 — by Jan-Philip Gehrcke. Because if you want packed decimal, you MUST create the file as an EBCDIC file, not an ASCII file, since the conversion from ASCII to EBCDIC will completely corrupt your packed decimal values. Now it should look like this: Project properties in Eclipse - Libraries. This program can be used to read any text file line by line and process the contents of the file within a Java Program. Java, Java-8. Complete example. txt -First 1. io and reference it to your project or use following Gradle or Maven entry. Java stream manages this reading in a very simple manner. Open files from the command line - can also position cursor and make a selection while opening. csv, header on first line, skip second line I have a CSV file with two header rows, the first row I want to be the header, but the second row I want to discard. readAllLines() method read all lines from a file. Again Decorator Pattern comes to the rescue. To check if a HTML file is valid, you can use an online validator like the » W3C validator. Visit for free, full and secured software’s. Search word in text file using java. Line Feed (LF), Form Feed (FF), and Delete (7F) characters are discarded. txt) and assign values to variables. I'm trying to read a csv file line by line. It represents a PDF document and allows you to create, read, and enhance PDF documents. Hi folks, I would like to detect an end-of-line in my. Copy file line by line using BufferedReader and BufferedWriter The following code shows how to read and write a text file line by line using BufferedReader and BufferedWriter. There are two overloaded versions of this method, one which accepts a character encoding and other which uses UTF-8 charset. 21,500 members and growing!. In this tutorial, we show you how to read from and write to text (or character) files using classes available in the java. Scanner class is in java. Mainframe/Cobol data files) in a human readable format. First create one ‘ArrayList‘ of ‘String‘ to store the contents of the file. Almost the whole Examples are easily implemented, so that every student or developers can understand, all examples are presented in Web with videos. In Java there are several ways in which we can read the file, from them we will showcase in our further tutorial. JQuery code to read a text file via the built in AJAX jQuery. The Consumers are responsible for removing the inserted line from the “BlockingQueue” and processing them. In the following code example you will learn how to read file contents line by line using the Apache Commons FileUtils. -f, --files-from namefile: Read the names of the files to be examined from namefile (one per line) before the argument list. Reading a file line-by-line in JavaS W is quite easy. txt has following line : input 12 12. reading a file Line by line using Bufferedreader in java buffering characters so as to provide for the efficient reading of characters, arrays, and lines. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: