# Decimal To Text

The binary system is only comprised of two base values 0 and 1. It can round on either side of a decimal point. String Object Constructors. The Decimal system is a numeric-based system, it expresses itself in base 10, it uses the numerical digits from 0 to 9, and the value of each number is raised to 10. ASCII to hexadecimal,binary,decimal text converter. The syntax is similar to that of the ToInt32 method. If you want to do the reverse then check out convert Binary to Decimal. Percent: Displays a percent value - that is, a number multiplied by 100 with a percent sign. To round a macro to a specified number of decimal places From the menu, select CAD> Text> Text Macro Management. This is how it works: From left (The farthest being infinity) to right (The farthest this side of the decimal place being one), the numbers go in descending order of numbers when you multiply 2x2x2x2x2. Top Calculators. Hex string: Note: all characters outside hex set will be ignored, thus "12AB34" = "12 AB 34" = "12, AB, 34", etc. Tip : Convert Decimal to Integer and change its pattern using java expression on a text field in Jasper Studio 6. Conversion functions make them mix better! Though there are time. I want to insert a decimal number which has no decimal point into a table with a decimal point. This can include street names, attribute properties, or other textual descriptions. Tutorials How to Convert Binary to Text. Because it can be impossible to distinguish between a hex and a decimal number (is that ’25’ a decimal 25 or is it 25 in hex which equals 37 decimal?) it is customary to put a lowercase ‘h’ after each hex number. There are three Conversion Functions in MySQL: CONVERT, CAST, BINARY. When you see lot of 1010101, combination of 1 and 0, and want to figure out what is this?, You have come to write place to convert from binary to text translator. The sample as a whole was relatively young (M = 19. She also explains the difference between the two types of numeric format strings: standard and custom. so, I know that from the variations of 0000 to 1111 is a decimal from 0 to 15, I already have my string but how do I convert the "binary string" to decimal?. For example if you enter 1 it is getting formatted as. This filed is a text filed which has text entries in it, as well as decimal entries. A system call is a request in a Unix-like operating system made by a process for a service performed by the kernel. First, point at the field in the measure shelf, right-click on it, select Field Properties, then select the percent number type and pick the number of decimal places you would like to display. UTF-8 interpreted as Windows-1252 Raw UTF-8 encoded text, but interpreted as Windows-1252. It is another formula-free way to convert text to number in Excel. The problem is that I can display the roll order number in 5 cells as decimal numbers from the CLX but it represents an Ascii code. Exponential Numeric data that displays the numbers in exponential format. What can you do with Hex to Decimal Converter? This calculator is very unique tool to convert Hexadecimal to decimal. Hexadecimal -- also known as hex or base 16-- is a system we can use to write and share numerical values. Learn more about the use of hex, or explore hundreds of other calculators addressing math, finance, health, and fitness, and more. If you specify a conversion that does not fit the data, such as a text conversion for a numeric value, MATLAB ® overrides the specified conversion, and uses %e. Take the remainder (after the decimal point) and multiply by 16. Assuming the text is in A1, the formula goes as follows:. Decimal to binary conversion is an important task to understand in IP addressing and Subnetting. That is, if the time value is less than 24 hours. To quickly convert a number to hexadecimal, I would type this. How to Convert from Binary to Decimal. The translation will convert the binary code to decimal and then use the ASCII table to represent the characters behind that decimal codes. It is based on 10 of the following symbols: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 and 9. How do you change those funny numbers and letters to something you or your computer can understand? Converting hexadecimal to binary is very easy, which is why hexadecimal has been adopted. Tutorials How to Convert Binary to Text. This Java program will convert Hexadecimal number to decimal, binary and Octal in Java programming language using JDK standard API methods. Remove the most significant octal digit (leftmost) and add it to the result. ASCII to hexadecimal,binary,decimal text converter. When you convert to text using the ToText function you also have to decide how many decimals to display. In C# I do do the following: Text = Convert. For doing so, you may need to change a number into text. Hi All, Receive data today which contain lots numbers in text format. re previous request for converting hex to decimal. Hex Code Translator (Beta) Convert text to Hexadecimal Code. Hex & binary Binary decoder. For example, the number is equal to 3. Formula Watch: Convert to and from ASCII codes in Excel Formula Watch: Convert to and from ASCII codes in Excel – The Productivity Hub – Site Home – TechNet. Text = (decimal)_SalesPersonToEdit["Default Commission"];. This converter allows you to convert numbers from decimal format to binary format and from binary format to decimal format. Choose your decimal point (comma or period), then click on Add New Operation. A Tiny, Static, Full-Text Search Engine using Rust and WebAssembly. Using a Python recipe? Installing ActivePython is the easiest way to run your project. Convert a number to USD currency and check writing amounts rounded to 2 decimal places. 11 answer on formatting decimals. At the time of extracting digits from the binary number, multiply the digit with the proper base (Power of 2) and add it to the variable dec_value. The below chart indicates the values of the hexadecimal position compared to 16 raised to a power and decimal values. Convert Character String to Hex. The start_num input will be the first FIND statement. 2000 would become "$2,000. Arithmetic is performed with your hardware’s native machine instructions. The method is quite similar to the transformation of any binary number to decimal number, the only difference is that in this case the 2 s will be replaced by 8 and everything else i. When a number is represented as in a text format, in some cases Power BI will attempt to determine the number type and represent it as a number. She also explains the difference between the two types of numeric format strings: standard and custom. Enter a decimal value into a cell Divide by 24 Change cell formatting to Time (h:mm) […]. To signify that something is a letter, and not a number, you put the code 0100 for a capital and 0110 for lower case. 00 in the Repeating Field becomes 50 in the Concat Field. It can round on either side of a decimal point. I need to do this for a report so that the decimal point allignment will be ok if the number of decimals printed is always the same. Assuming the text is in A1, the formula goes as follows:. The below chart indicates the values of the hexadecimal position compared to 16 raised to a power and decimal values. Import decimals – get ASCII. How to change or convert number to text in Excel? Sometimes you may not want the numbers in the cells getting involved in calculating, or you may want to display leading zeros in numbers in cells. Example: '%s' converts pi to 3. Convert a hexadecimaly encoded text into an decoded string or download as a file using this free online hex to text decoder utility. For example if you enter 1 it is getting formatted as. Using TEXT function with fractions I have some dimensions that are best expressed with fractions of an inch; like 31 1/2" or 40 17/32". Hello i am trying to do that : equal text box value into emp class property type int and decimal txtDept. 2E+03 with one decimal place. I thoroughly recommend reading to get some additional context. I would just add a note as to why it is necessary. I can’t find a way to format numeric output to just 2 decimals. To format your numbers to a maximum of two decimal places use the format string {0:0. But it seems more natural to use A=1, B=2. Learn more about the use of binary, or explore hundreds of other calculators addressing math, finance, health, and fitness, and more. For example, each lowercase and uppercase letter of the alphabet is assigned a different binary code. Enter ASCII text or hex/binary/decimal numbers:. Conversion functions make them mix better! Though there are time. Some decoders split the CV into two parts. Implicit Netezza Type Casting In an implicit type casting Netezza uses internal rules and try to evaluate the process statements that contain the mixed data types. 1) Do you want the 'decimal point' to follow the convention for the user's locale (e. Let's say you have a 5-byte character field 'char_num' that you KNOW. Note that after clicking the Convert Hex to Decimal button the hex to decimal converter will display a detailed explanation of how it arrived at the result immediately below this line. Free online hexadecimal to binary coded decimal converter. When writing binary numbers you will need to signify that the number is binary (base 2), as an example let's take the value 101. Created by developers for developers. Decimal to text converter tool What is a decimal to text converter? With this tool you can convert decimal values into easy-to-read text. It also floating point numbers (single and double precision) according to the standard IEEE754. This is a tool to practice converting between decimal and binary representations. Date-time Conversion Functions to and from Character Description. Function Module to Convert Currency Format in SAP, ABAP Decimal Conversion For The Currency Field, SAP maintains ALL currencies in its tables (BSEG, MBEW, etc) with 2 decimals. Your code can be completely independent of the locale conventions for decimal points, thousands-separators, or even the particular decimal digits used, or whether the number format is even decimal. 079, for example, 0 is in the first decimal place, 7 is in the second decimal place, and 9 is in the third decimal place. If you specify a conversion that does not fit the data, such as a text conversion for a numeric value, MATLAB ® overrides the specified conversion, and uses %e. Description. It will attempt to automatically detect what you are entering for the conversion, if you want to change the conversion use the drop down above. The COBOL USAGE clause would be COMP, COMP-3 and DISPLAY. Select the RoomVolume macro and click the Copy button. Cryptii Decimal to Text · Cryptii v2 Convert, encode, encrypt, decode and decrypt your content online Attention! This version of cryptii is no longer under active. Import base 16 – get UTF8. The symbols include 0-9 and a-f (sometimes A-F). What can you do with Hex to Decimal Converter? This calculator is very unique tool to convert Hexadecimal to decimal. This particular format specifier (N) results in the output being formatted with integral and decimal digits, group separators, and a decimal separator with optional negative sign. I want to insert a decimal number which has no decimal point into a table with a decimal point. This online hex to decimal converter tool helps you to convert one input hex number (base 16) into a decimal number (base 10). ASCII is a code that represents characters as numbers and is used to help display text onto computers among other devices. Description: Looking back at when I was in college, there were many occasions when I had to convert decimal to binary numbers (especially on assignments). Decimal <> Hex. GnuCOBOL is used for Linux. converting decimals into hex. Created by computer nerds from team Browserling. The DISPLAY format may be referred to as a character or text format. You can optionally specify a format string that specifies how the date is stored in the decimal number. Develop and justify a strategy that uses the area model to simplify a decimal multiplication problem. In Excel, the ROUND function is used to round numbers to a specified number of digits. Post by John I know it's possible to change a Decimal into a Text using the Format function Is it possible to change Text into a Decimal? i. There are three Conversion Functions in MySQL: CONVERT, CAST, BINARY. I was thinking about working around the issues of text getting larger by making a smaller version of each font size, so 2. help/imprint (Data Protection). Numbers in Excel can be many different formats such as the fraction, the percentages, numbers with decimals and negative numbers etc. Cryptii Decimal to Text · Cryptii v2 Convert, encode, encrypt, decode and decrypt your content online Attention! This version of cryptii is no longer under active. While ASCII is limited to 128 characters, Unicode has a much wider array of characters and has begun to supplant ASCII rapidly. It shows up nicely on the page as 0. Base32 online encode function Auto Update Hash. Powerful, free, and fast. ASCII to hexadecimal,binary,decimal text converter. While ASCII is limited to 128 characters, Unicode has a much wider array of characters and has begun to supplant ASCII rapidly. Go to step 2. Get Started. If all octal digits have been removed, you’re done. I have a real number variable and I want to represent this in a note with a limited number of decimal places. ' quoting form. Online converter. Post by John I know it's possible to change a Decimal into a Text using the Format function Is it possible to change Text into a Decimal? i. The DECIMAL function in Excel is a Math and Trigonometry function Functions List of the most important Excel functions for financial analysts. The time format is a duration of time and not a time of day. If cell B2 contains the time in hours and minutes, for example 7:30, then this formula is one way to turn that time into its decimal equivalent in hours, that is 7. Similarly any octal number can be converted into decimal number. 123456 I need to add a three decimal point into the number example. Use this tool to convert KML into CSV (Comma Separated Values) or Excel. Binary to Text translator. I need to convert a large field of text numbers ranging from 00100-12117 to 1. 60 62 64 66. BATCHman looks over at Cmdlet. In this example, you will learn to convert binary number to decimal, and decimal number to binary manually by creating user-defined functions. Decimal to Time Conversion Here are three simple steps to convert decimal to time. someplaces use 'dot', others use 'comma'), or do you always need a 'dot'? 2) Do you want the thousands to be grouped (e. How can I convert to number format with 4 decimal places. hi i got this info from other sources This section describes how to convert the previously discussed packed-decimal formats into text strings to print or display the information in a human readable form. SQL Server / T-SQL Tutorial; Data Types; decimal;. World's simplest browser-based utility for converting decimal values to text. Helps you convert between Unicode character numbers, characters, UTF-8 and UTF-16 code units in hex, percent escapes,and Numeric Character References (hex and decimal). Enter a number and we will convert it to words (which you can select and copy):. krd12 wrote: I am trying to convert a string with a lot of digits (ex 324. 50: =INT(B2)*24+HOUR(B2)+ROUND(MINUTE(B2)/60,2) The inclusion of the ROUND() function limits the calculation of the time to two decimal places in this example, ie 7. Is there a predefined function or a way to do this? Ex: (46926831654) should be inserted as (469268. Convert Packed-Decimal to Text This section describes how to convert the previously discussed packed-decimal formats into text strings to print or display the information in a human readable form. Based on the English alphabet, ASCII is a character-encoding scheme. Other Decimal to Excess-3 conversions can be carried out in the similar manner. Decimal Places. Here's what I tried that came close to working, but failed: Copy a column of TEXT fractions, and past it into NotePad to clean-off all formatting. I even tried my own stuff, but that didn't work. Convert a Number to Text Using Excel Text to Columns. You got some binary code, and you want to translate it to text to know what it means?. The conversion takes place immediately without the user waiting for it. The Decimal system is a numeric-based system, it expresses itself in base 10, it uses the numerical digits from 0 to 9, and the value of each number is raised to 10. Conversions can be conducted between string, date, and numeric type of data. Created by geeks from team Browserling. What Is a Decimal? First, a decimal or hex bit in this tutorial represents a single number, digit, or letter. An interactive, "ajax-style" mini-application, supporting conversion to binary/decimal/hex as you type, copy/paste of ASCII and Unicode characters. 10 = A, 15 = F). The ASCII table has 128 characters, with values from 0 through 127. 0000 when I convert the strings to decimal. Binary / Decimal Converter Calculator. This document will provide an idea of how we can achieve Number formatting as per Indian standards. The answer is 2/3. In Excel, the ROUND function is used to round numbers to a specified number of digits. Dec: Hex: Bin : Dec: Hex: Bin : Dec: Hex: Bin : Dec: Hex: Bin. IPv4 to IP Decimal Conversion IP Address. It is a commonly encountered case to convert a double value to String when programming with the Java language. SQL function to remove trailing zeros from a decimal column - IBM DB2. In other words, as soon as you enter the date in decimal format, the output in ASCII format would be generated in the related text box. It will also show the decimal Unix timestamp. Hey all, I thought I was all over the dramas with upgrading from Revit 2016, infact we skipped 2017 to alleviate some of the issues. To find the decimal equivalent, multiply each bit with increasing powers of 2 starting from right most bit. Because it can be impossible to distinguish between a hex and a decimal number (is that ’25’ a decimal 25 or is it 25 in hex which equals 37 decimal?) it is customary to put a lowercase ‘h’ after each hex number. It also floating point numbers (single and double precision) according to the standard IEEE754. I have a decimal column in a table defined as decimal(8,3). The Microsoft Access Format function takes a numeric expression and returns it as a formatted string. Hello i am trying to do that : equal text box value into emp class property type int and decimal txtDept. 00") but it still coming out at 4 decimal places when it should only be two with that line of code! ahhh please help, i appreciate it!, Dave. Hi All, Receive data today which contain lots numbers in text format. txtCommission. It is much easier to work with large numbers using hexadecimal values than decimal. How to Convert Octal Number to Decimal Number? Calculators and Converters. Octal to Decimal. But not every number is a whole number. VB is a strictly typed language: You must declare the type of your variable and you have to obey this type. The conversion takes place immediately without the user waiting for it. In the hexadecimal numbering system, each digit can vary between 0 and F. Numbers to Words Converter You can use this online converter to convert any numbers or currencies into words. b2a_uu (data) ¶ Convert binary data to a line of ASCII characters, the return value is the converted line, including a newline char. Exponential Numeric data that displays the numbers in exponential format. Introduction. You can specify your own delimiters like colon or dashes for parsing more complex structures. MySQL Conversion Functions convert a value from one data type to another. Today I will show you how to format convert number, date, time, currency and so on using two functions: TEXT function and Format function. Dec: Hex: Bin : Dec: Hex: Bin : Dec: Hex: Bin : Dec: Hex: Bin. 23 to be stored in db. Convert SQL decimal to string with 2 decimal places From http://stackoverflow. It will convert a decimal number to its nearest single-precision and double-precision IEEE 754 binary floating-point number, using round-half-to-even rounding (the default IEEE rounding mode). When you take the value from A1 and use it in A2, that format is lost and you have to re-format to get the look back. ASCII stands for American Standard Code for Information Interchange. The maximum places I will need in the fraction will be two, in other words 00/00. If all octal digits have been removed, you’re done. Byte: (Random): B0 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7I want these two Bytes (2. The DISPLAY format may be referred to as a character or text format. Free online decimal to hexadecimal converter. Calculator Use. Free online binary to text converter. Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number. For example, the lowercase "a" is. If the character field Amount has a value of '00123. This example for converting from decimal representation into a binary32 format is taken from the Wikipedia page. ) Instructions Just type in any box, and the conversion is done "live". 00 but i want 1. The start_num input will be the first FIND statement. The following methods can convert numbers in cells to text in Excel. 66666 where the 6 repeats forever, enter 0. Numbers and strings are interchangeable: if you use a number in a place that expects a string (e. The input argument hexStr is text that represents digits of a hexadecimal number using the characters 0-9 and either A-F or a-f. Text = Format(PriceToPay. When converting from numeric to character using %CHAR, leading zeros are removed from the resulting character string. Netezza type casting is converting the value with one data type to other. The tool works with any size input and is able to recognize all existing symbols for decimal values up to 65535. The go to the number tab and use the dropbox to select percentage. ASCII Converter enables you to easily convert ASCII characters to their hex, decimal, and binary representations. To use our converter just fill in any number and then select the currency from the drop-down list (this step is optional). select distinct volume from i_item_master VOLUME ----- 0. Converts an input expression to a fixed-point number. Convert just about anything to anything else. If the text string to be converted to Base 64 was 7 bytes long, the last group would have had 2 bits. The knowledge of how to assign an IP. The syntax is similar to that of the ToInt32 method. Converting a decimal integer (denary, base 10) to a binary string (base 2) is amazingly simple. This function takes a number of arguments to control the format of your result. Visual learners will find lots of images and a video explainer. The problem is that I can display the roll order number in 5 cells as decimal numbers from the CLX but it represents an Ascii code. No ads, nonsense or garbage, just a text to dec converter. VB is a strictly typed language: You must declare the type of your variable and you have to obey this type. Take the remainder (after the decimal point) and multiply by 16. Limit decimals in text input box If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. Press button, get result. Calling the sticky bit "text" is not erroneous: On UNIX back in 1974, it instructed the operating system to retain the text segment of the program in swap space after the process exited. [convert]::tostring(12345,16) “This will produce the following hexadecimal output. The DECIMAL function in Excel is a Math and Trigonometry function Functions List of the most important Excel functions for financial analysts. Convert DECIMAL(10,2) to varchar(10) : decimal « Data Types « SQL Server / T-SQL Tutorial. Now the Text value is "12345. 50 and the Regional Settings is using Comma as a decimal separator. The online tool allows users to convert a hexadecimal number into various data types such as ascii, int, float, uint, and byte simultaneously. If the Decimal is created from a String, the scale is the number of characters after the decimal point of the String. As it is written, it would be hard to work out whether it is a binary or decimal (denary) value. About This service allows you convert data in different ways (Plant text, Binary, Decimal, Hexidecimal, Base64). Each is also assigned a decimal representation of that code, called an ASCII code. 60 62 64 66. Our decimal system lets us write numbers of all types and sizes, using a clever symbol called the decimal point. We power thousands of translations daily for many smiling users around the world. How do i convert this string to a Decimal, I have tried using ToString() but that does not work and I also tried to use Convert. 11 answer on formatting decimals. Now, it's easy to convert text (ASCII) to binary with our tool. The TO_NUMBER function converts a formatted TEXT or NTEXT expression to a number. In the second call to the Format function, the "@" character represents a displayed character and the "-" character is text to be inserted in the specified positions of the String. This free hex calculator can add, subtract, multiply, and divide hexadecimal values, as well as convert between hexadecimal and decimal values. It can round on either side of a decimal point. I read a number of suggestions and tried them, but nothing works. 31654) I dont want to use the string concatenation with decimal since I suspect it will reduce my code efficiency. A list with our encryption tools to create hashes from your sensitive data like passwords. Convert from/to decimal, hexadecimal, octal and binary. This article will cover Conversion in ABAP Coding between the most used types : Binary, String and Table. By Steve | November 1, 2015. There are two methods for converting a denary (base 10) number to binary (base 2). Choose Specify Decimal Point Character from the Selected Operation menu ring. I can’t find a way to format numeric output to just 2 decimals. ASCII Converter enables you to easily convert ASCII characters to their hex, decimal, and binary representations. This is a helper function for format to produce a single character string describing an R object. An improper fraction C. We can also use the java. Convert ASCII Value to Character. So 25 is a decimal number and 25h is a hex one. For repeating decimals enter how many decimal places in your decimal number repeat. Join Robin Hunt for an in-depth discussion in this video Using totext to convert numbers to text and remove decimals, part of Crystal Reports 2013: Experts and Customizing Reports. An INTEGER expression that controls the number of decimal places to be used when converting numeric data to TEXT or ID values. When m aking a change in a C V this chart wil l show the conversion for different numbering systems. For example, if your source viewer only supports Windows-1252, but the page is encoded as UTF-8, you can select text from your source viewer, paste it here, and see what the characters really are. Convert Currency to text string. Description. Just paste your decimal numbers in the input area and you will instantly get ASCII chars in the output area. The DECIMAL function in Excel is a Math and Trigonometry function Functions List of the most important Excel functions for financial analysts. This Java program will convert Hexadecimal number to decimal, binary and Octal in Java programming language using JDK standard API methods. This example for converting from decimal representation into a binary32 format is taken from the Wikipedia page. com ™, where you will find thousands of computer terms and technology words defined. The DISPLAY format may be referred to as a character or text format. Hexadecimal number system. The TEXT function lets you change the way a number appears by applying formatting to it with format codes. NUMBER is the only one of PL/SQL’s numeric types to be implemented in a platform-independent fashion. Hi All, Receive data today which contain lots numbers in text format. Each of these groups is then converted to a decimal number from 0 to 63. I want to insert a decimal number which has no decimal point into a table with a decimal point. In this article, we will convert time figures into decimal. Decimal, binary, octal and hexadecimal numbers Engineering ToolBox - Resources, Tools and Basic Information for Engineering and Design of Technical Applications! - the most efficient way to navigate the Engineering ToolBox!. g: 01000101 01111000 01100001 01101101 01110000 01101100 01100101). Is there a predefined function or a way to do this? Ex: (46926831654) should be inserted as (469268. Binary to text (ASCII) Here you can convert binary to text. Entering Repeating Decimals. Each key corresponds to a specific number in decimal base. This tool converts binary values to hexadecimal values. The knowledge of how to assign an IP. Remember, we won’t assign powers of 2 for the first three digits, because we don’t need those to find our decimal for text purposes. Hexadecimal notation is used as a human-friendly representation of binary values in computer programming and digital electronics. This is the way you can convert up to 128 ascii text to decimal characters. 14159 in a decimal system (base 10), or to 3. DecimalFormat class that can format a number into a String following a given pattern. So for example an unsigned binary number such as: 01001101 2 = 64 + 8 + 4 + 1 = 77 10 in decimal. ) In binary, the only 2 digits are 0 and 1. The string length of Text must be less than or equal to 255 characters. Take the whole number (before the decimal point) and look up the corresponding hex value in the hex-decimal comparison list above (e. An ASCII table contains 255 characters where each is assigned a number. in first table all values are decimals. ; lvarText := '123';. If you try setting the Default property of the Text Input to Text(Today(), "dd/mm/yyyy") that should work, isn't that what you see? Using the Text function is the correct way to display a date in a specific format. Enter ASCII text or hex/binary/decimal numbers:. The below chart indicates the values of the hexadecimal position compared to 16 raised to a power and decimal values. This number system is especially interesting because in our casually used decimal system we have only 10 digits to represent numbers. Formula Watch: Convert to and from ASCII codes in Excel Formula Watch: Convert to and from ASCII codes in Excel – The Productivity Hub – Site Home – TechNet. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: